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新型低GWP制冷剂在-100~200 ℃的应用研究进展
张迪, 郭智恺, 于万金, 卢朋, 刘瑶瑶, 刘武灿, 张建君
0
(浙江省化工研究院有限公司 含氟温室气体替代及控制处理国家重点实验室)
摘要:
制冷剂是蒸气压缩循环中必不可少的工作流体,氢氟烷烃类化合物是目前制冷、空调和热泵设备中的主要制冷剂,但该类制冷剂会引起全球变暖等问题,因此亟需开发应用性能相似、环境性能友好的新型制冷剂。介绍了不同制冷剂在-100~200 ℃蒸气压缩循环应用场景中的使用现状,并综述了具有前景的低GWP制冷剂替代方案研究进展;在此基础上,对HFO-1234yf、HFO-1234ze(E)、HFO-1234ze(Z)、HCFO-1233zd(E)、HFO-1336mzz(Z) 5种低GWP制冷剂在实际应用系统中的最新研究及关键问题进行总结。
关键词:  制冷剂  空调  热泵  有机朗肯循环  GWP
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-03-24  修订日期:2023-06-30   录用日期:2023-08-03
基金项目:
Research Progress on Application of Novel Low GWP Refrigerants in Temperature Range from −100 ℃ to 200 ℃
Zhang Di, Guo Zhikai, Yu Wanjin, Lu Peng, Liu Yaoyao, Liu Wucan, Zhang Jianjun
(State Key Laboratory of Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases Replacement and Control Treatment, Zhejiang Research Institute of Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.)
Abstract:
A refrigerant is an essential working fluid in a vapor-compression refrigeration cycle. Hydrofluorocarbons are currently used as refrigerants in refrigeration, air-conditioning, and heat pump systems and are potent greenhouse gases. Thus, replacement refrigerants with high thermal performances and low environmental impacts must be identified. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the refrigerants in different vapor-compression cycle applications covering the temperature range from ?100 to 200 °C. The most promising low-GWP alternative is proposed. Moreover, five refrigerants, including HFO-1234yf, HFO-1234ze(E), HFO-1234ze(Z), HCFO-1233zd(E), and HFO-1336mzz(Z), for application in vapor compression equipment, are summarized.
Key words:  refrigerant  air conditioning  heat pump  organic Rankine cycle  GWP

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