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冷却塔冷却技术的应用与优化
余志康, 伍文聪, 黄世芳, 张小松
0
(东南大学能源与环境学院)
摘要:
冷却塔冷却是指利用冷却塔来散去生产或生活中产生的废热,从而降低循环水温的技术。与其他制冷方式相比,其具有制冷效果好、耐腐蚀、成本低等优势。基于近年来国内外文献分析,主要从冷却塔冷却的应用及性能优化两方面进行阐述。对冷却塔在工业冷却和建筑供冷方面的应用及相关研究进行了归纳分析,并对其在碳捕集和余热回收方面的应用进行了拓展分析。在性能优化方面,总结了包括模型优化、结构优化和运行优化三个方向的诸多方法,重点讨论了该技术在当前研究与应用中依旧面临的挑战,并指出了未来的发展方向,助力于冷却塔系统高效、绿色和稳定运行。
关键词:  冷却塔  蒸发冷却  热力特性  性能优化
DOI:
投稿时间:2023-04-17  修订日期:2023-06-10   录用日期:2023-07-31
基金项目:
Review on Application and Optimization of Cooling Technology for Cooling Tower
Yu Zhikang, Wu Wencong, Huang Shifang, Zhang Xiaosong
(School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University)
Abstract:
Cooling towers dissipate waste heat generated in industrial or domestic processes, thereby reducing the temperature of circulating water. Compared to other cooling methods, it has the advantages of effective cooling, corrosion resistance, and low cost. This paper discusses the application and performance optimization of cooling towers based on a literature review of recent domestic and international studies. It summarizes and analyzes the applications and related research on cooling towers for industrial cooling and building cooling. It also extends and analyzes cooling tower’s application in carbon capture and waste heat recovery. Various methods have been reviewed for performance optimization, including model, structural, and operational optimization. This paper highlights the challenges that still exist in the state-of-the-art and discusses its future development directions, which will facilitate efficient, green, and stable operation for future cooling tower systems.
Key words:  cooling tower  evaporative cooling  thermodynamic characteristics  performance optimization

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